Elephants have been exploited to the point of extinction by people for centuries now. Just how many elephant species actually exist today?
Sri Lankan Elephant Herd (Author: Adbar cc 3.0)
Though there used to be hundreds of different species of elephants that walked on the surface of the earth at some point, we have just two distinct but very broad species alive today. They are classified under two genera: Loxodonta and Elephants.
Loxodonta are the African elephants while Elephas are the Asian Elephants. However, there are other subdivisions under each of these genera. Let’s have a closer look at each one below.
A. African Elephant Species